Krsnas tu bhagavan svayam

Gauranga Darshan Das

The spotless purana, Srimad-Bhagavatam establishes Lord Krsna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the principal subject matter of this book is Krsna and His devotional service (SB 1.7.6). Srimad-Bhagavatam ardently recommends that whether one is desireless or full of desires or desirous of liberation, one should worship the Supreme Lord Krsna, who reciprocates with and protects such a person (SB 2.3.10).

Emperor Verse

Paribhasa-sutra of any book is stated only once, generally in the beginning; it provides the key for proper understanding of the entire work and governs even a great literature that contains millions of statements. Srila Jiva Gosvami states that SB 1.3.28 is the paribhasa sutra or the Emperor verse of the book, for it is the most conclusive, unambiguous, declarative, absolute and categorical in establishing the supremacy of Lord Krsna.

ete camsa-kalah pumsah
krsnas tu bhagavan svayam
indrari-vyakulam lokam
mrdayanti yuge yuge (SB 1.3.28)

Srila Suta Gosvami listed various incarnations in SB 1.3 and mentioned Krsna amongst them. However, at the end he mentioned, “All these and other incarnations are plenary portions and portions of the plenary portions of the Supreme Personality of Godhead who expands as the purusa incarnations. But Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.” The spotless purana, Srimad-Bhagavatam establishes Lord Krsna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the principal subject matter of this book is Krsna and His devotional service (SB 1.7.6). Srimad-Bhagavatam ardently recommends that whether one is desireless or full of desires or desirous of liberation, one should worship the Supreme Lord Krsna, who reciprocates with and protects such a person (SB 2.3.10). Any place where the Supreme Personality of Godhead is present by His name, form, qualities or paraphernalia immediately becomes a dhama. (10.2.17 P)

Conclusive Opinions

Srinatha Cakravarti in his Caitanya-matta-manjusa presents the conclusive opinions of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in a nutshell.

aradhyo bhagavan vrajesa-tanayas tad-dhama vrndavanam
ramya kacid upasana vraja-vadhuvargena va kalpita
srimad-bhagavatam pramanam amalam prema pum-artho mahan
sri-caitanya mahaprabhor matam idam tatradarah nah parah

Lord Caitanya holds the following five as the Supreme
(i) Aradhya (Object of worship) → Krsna, son of Nanda
(ii) Dhama (Transcendental abode) → Vrndavana
(iii) Upasana (Worship) → that which is performed by Vraja Gopis
(iv) Pramanam (Spotless authority) → Bhagavatam
(v) Artha (Goal of life) → Prema or Pure love of God

All the Gaudiya Vaisnavas hold these opinions of Lord Caitanya as the highest truth. Sri Krsna, the fountainhead of all incarnations, is the centre or the object of all the abovementioned five items. That Krsna is the original Godhead is declared in various Vedic literatures such as Srimad- Bhagavatam (SB 1.1.1), Bhagavad-Gita (BG 7.7) and Brahma-samhita (BS 5.1). The Supremacy of Lord Krsna is also confirmed by various authorities such as Brahma (SB 10.14.14), Bhisma (SB 1.9.18), Kunti (SB 1.8.18) and Arjuna (BG 10.12).

Common Interest

Further, Krsna is the principal subject matter of Srimad-Bhagavatam is Krsna and Krsna is the common interest of all the speakers and hearers mentioned in the Bhagavatam. Hearers like Saunakadi rsis (SB 1.1.12-14), Pariksit Maharaja (SB 1.19.5, 10.1.1-13), and Vidura (SB 4.17.6-7) are eager to hear about Krsna and His magnanimous activities and the illustrious speakers like Suta Gosvami (SB 1.2.5), Sukadeva Gosvami (SB 2.4.40) and Maitreya (SB 4.17.8) are enthusiastic to glorify Krsna.

Supreme Shelter

There are ten topics in the Srimad-Bhagavatam namely sarga (creation), visarga (subcreation), sthana (maintenance), posana (protection), uti (impetuses), manvantara (reign of Manus), isanukatha (incarnations), nirodha (winding up), mukti (liberation) and asraya (ultimate shelter). The tenth item asraya is the shelter of the other nine topics. To distinguish this ultimate shelter of all manifestations, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Krsna, from the other nine subjects, great mahajanas have described the other nine, directly or indirectly, through prayers or direct explanations. Asrita, the dependents requiring shelter exist under the original principle, the asraya, the object providing shelter. Asraya, the Transcendence, the summum bonum, from whom everything emanates, upon whom everything rests, and in whom everything merges after annihilation is Lord Krsna. He is the source and support of all. Srimad-Bhagavatam vividly describes the activities of Krsna (asraya), especially in the tenth canto. All the other nine topics, from creation to liberation, are all asrita. The prayers of Srimad-Bhagavatam, however, aim for the asraya-tattva, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna. (SB 2.10.1-2/ CC Adi 91-92 P)

Reservoir of All Relationships

Everyone has a particular transcendental mellow by which he loves and serves the God. Srila Rupa Gosvami right at the onset of his magnum opus literature Bhakti-rasamrtasindhu glorifies Lord Krsna as akhila-rasamrta-murti, the transcendental form of attraction for all kinds of devotees, whether the devotee be in the santa-rasa, dasya-rasa, sakhya-rasa, vatsalya-rasa or madhurya-rasa (CC Madhya 8.142 P). When Krsna entered the wrestling arena of Kamsa, different categories of people who saw him underwent different emotions based on their inner disposition.

The various groups of people in the arena regarded Krsna in different ways when He entered it with His elder brother. (i) The wrestlers saw Krsna as a lightning bolt, (ii) the men of Mathura as the best of males, (iii) the women as Cupid in person, (iv) the cowherd men as their relative, (v) the impious rulers as a chastiser, (vi) His parents as their child, (vii) the King of the Bhojas as death, (viii) the unintelligent as the Supreme Lord’s universal form, (ix) the yogis as the Absolute Truth and (x) the Vrsnis as their supreme worshipable Deity. (SB 10.43.17)

Abode of All Opulences

Lord Krsna is purna endowed with all the six opulences, namely wealth, strength, fame, beauty, knowledge and renunciation in full. No one can surpass Him in excellence. When the women of Mathura saw Krsna in the wrestling arena of Kamsa, they appreciated the fortune of the gopis who experienced seeing Krsna, the abode of all opulences, face to face regularly in Vrndavana.

gopyas tapah kim acaran yad amusya rupam lavanya-saram asamordhvam ananya-siddham
drgbhih pibanty anusavabhinavam durapam ekanta-dhama yasasah sriya aisvarasya

What austerities must the gopis have performed! With their eyes they always drink the nectar of Lord Krsna’s form, which is (i) the essence of loveliness and (ii) is not to be equaled or surpassed. That form is (iii) the only abode of beauty, fame and opulence. It is (iv) self-perfect, (v) ever fresh and (vi) extremely rare. (SB 10.44.14) Krsna is the Supreme Lord, the source of everything that be in the entire cosmic manifestation and the performing devotional service unto Him is the eternal occupation of all living entities and the Vraja-gopis are epitome of such selfless service to and absorption in Lord Krsna.

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